What Causes Asthma?
It has been determined that asthma now affects one out of 15 children in North America and is the most common chronic illness among young ones. This affliction is the result of chronic inflammation of bronchial tubes in the lungs. When these tubes become sensitive to certain allergens or irritants, they overreact and swell. When exposed to these irritants, the inflammation of these tubes will eventually constrict breathing.
There are several causes for this illness. Beside allergies, asthma can be stress-related, weight-related or job-related. Higher stress levels in the body tend to change the immune system and cause more inflammation of the air passage. Obesity is another contributor to this painful medical issue. Certain occupations with poor air quality have also been linked to this problem.
There are several common symptoms that indicate a person has this disease but it can vary from person to person. They are shortness of breath, wheezing with a whistling or hissing sound when breathing, coughing, and tightness of the chest. They tend to show themselves with excessive exercise, cold air, or at night time.
The Goal Of Asthma Treatment
In terms of diagnosis, the number one problem of this illness is that it resembles many other respiratory and heart conditions. There are many prevalent medicines that are commonly administrated in this case. But, medications always show a better result when given on a case to case basis.
After a physical exam to find the severity of the attacks and a medical history to list possible triggers, the doctor will plan a long-term treatment of medications to take on a daily basis. Medication must be closely supervised by your doctor. So tell your doctor about any good reactions or bad side effects as soon as it happens.
Types Of Asthma Medications
Medication used for treatment are bronchodilators, which relax the bronchial spasms, and corticosteroids, which reduce inflammation. Inhaled medications are preferred as they immediately are breathed into the affected area. These produce less side effects than oral medications of tablet or liquid medicines. Medication must be closely supervised by your doctor. So tell your doctor about any good reactions or bad side effects as soon as it happens.
Possible Side Effects
There are hundreds of drugs related to treating this disease that are being dispersed every day. Anyone prescribed any kind of medication for this condition would be wise to check the Internet for side effects. Adrenaline, for example, is a medication that is still used on occasion but can result in rapid heart rate, nausea, vomiting, headache, restlessness and a sense of panic.
Special care should be taken with any asthma medication to be sure it is safe before using. Some people can take asthma medication with no ill effects. With others, a number of side effects have been reported. In addition to the above, other medicines are listed as causing seizures, heart failure, cirrhosis, high blood pressure, insomnia hives, bone fractures and too many others side effects to list. Many over the counter medicines also have side effects which are required, by law, to be listed in the package.
Overall, the goal of medical treatment is to control asthmatic symptoms as well as prevent any possible future episodes. When you have asthma, you need to be under the care of a doctor who can track the various changes of the disease, your reaction to medications and treat accordingly.